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Mighty Movers: The 10 Biggest Dump Trucks in the World

26 April, 2024
By Waddah Taweel
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Mighty Movers: The 10 Biggest Dump Trucks in the World

Every day, large dump trucks are at work in vast surface mines around the world, hauling essential raw materials such as oil sand, coal, and limestone—the fuels and foundations of our urban lifestyles. These big machines transport the stone and aggregate required to construct the roads and infrastructure we often take for granted, the material that make our dream houses, and what makes our cities the modern metropolises they are. In this article, we’ll explore the ten biggest dump trucks in the world, examining the tech specs and features that make them tick, through the demanding, grueling conditions of heavy industry.

The 10 Biggest Dump Trucks in the World

Without further ado, here are the ten biggest dump trucks in the world, whose capabilities exceed the limits of what industrial vehicles can achieve:

1. Belaz 75710:

At number one, we have the BelAz 75710. Built in Belarus, the 840.5-tonne mining dump truck sits comfortably on top of our list as the biggest dump truck in the world. It can haul material with a whopping payload capacity of 450 metric tonnes, on a body that can hold 268 cubic meters. It is powered by two 2,300 horsepower diesel engines, and can run at a top speed of 64 km/h. If you're wondering what it takes to own the biggest dump truck in the world, let's just say you need $6 to $8 million in the bank, minus shipping, handling, export, import, sales, and tax fees. The bigger cost is not just the upfront price, however, this truck slurps up to 1,300 liters of fuel per 100 km, but hey, if you've got 8 million sitting in the bank I don't think this'll affect your decision.

The BelAz 75710 as the biggest dump truck in the world today - image courtesy belaz.by
The BelAz 75710 as the biggest dump truck in the world today - image courtesy belaz.by

2. CAT 798:

Introduced in 2018 by Caterpillar, the CAT 798 mining dump truck stands out with a total weight of 624 metric tonnes and an empty weight of 231 tonnes. It can carry up to 372 tonnes of materials in its 276 cubic meter body. Powered by a robust 3,500 horsepower CAT C175-16 diesel 16-cylinder engine, this truck measures 7.7 meters in height, 15.6 meters in length, and 9.2 meters in width. Equipped for endurance, its large fuel tank holds 7,571 liters of diesel, enabling it to operate efficiently throughout the day.

The CAT 798 is the second biggest dump truck in the world - image courtesy cat.com
The CAT 798 is the second biggest dump truck in the world - image courtesy cat.com

3. CAT 797:

The 4,000 horsepower mining dump truck is CAT’s second biggest in their rigid dump truck lineup. It has a 363 tonne capacity, making its total weight stand firmly at 623 metric tonnes. The manufacturer promises lowest cost-per-ton in the 797 size class thanks to 25% lower maintenance costs, and 10% lower fuel consumption.

CAT 797F is the second biggest CAT rigid dump truck - image courtesy cat.com
CAT 797F is the second biggest CAT rigid dump truck - image courtesy cat.com

4. Komatsu 980:

The Komatsu 980E-5, introduced in 2019, ranks as the fourth largest earth-moving dump truck globally, boasting a nominal payload capacity of 363 tonnes. As the successor to the 980E-4, this new generation model features an enhanced cab design, an improved drive system, and the upgraded satellite-based communication system, KOMTRAX Plus 2. Powered by an 18-cylinder Komatsu SSDA18V170 engine delivering 3500 horsepower, the truck reaches speeds of up to 64 km/h. With a body capacity of 250 cubic meters, it serves extensively in mining operations across North America and Australia.

The 980E is Komatsu's largest rigid dump truck to date - image courtesy northamericanmining.com
The 980E is Komatsu's largest rigid dump truck to date - image courtesy northamericanmining.com

5. XCMG XDE400:

The XDE400, built by Xuzhou Construction Machinery Group (XCMG), is China’s biggest heavy-duty dump truck, supporting a payload of 363 metric tonnes. This truck has an overall vehicle mass of 623 tonnes and a curb weight of 260 tonnes. It is equipped with a robust engine that produces 3,750 horsepower and delivers a maximum torque of 15,000 Nm, allowing the XDE400 to reach speeds up to 64 km/h, handle gradients up to 19%, and manage a minimal turning diameter of 32 meters.

China's biggest haul truck is the XCMG XDE400 - image courtesy Журнал «Автосила»
China's biggest haul truck is the XCMG XDE400 - image courtesy Журнал «Автосила»

6. Belaz 75604:

Part of the Belaz-7560 series, the BelAZ 75604 is one of four models designed to handle a consistent payload of 360 tonnes. While each model in the 7560 range (75602, 75603, 75604, and 75605) shares the same payload capacity, they vary in terms of engine power and drive configurations. The 75604 model is outfitted with a powerful 3750 hp engine and has a body capacity of 218 cubic meters. Its robust design is engineered to operate in extreme climatic conditions, ranging from -50 to +50 degrees Celsius, making it suitable for challenging environments like the icy Siberian desert.

BelAz's second biggest dump truck is the 75604 model - image courtesy Lectura Specs
BelAz's second biggest dump truck is the 75604 model - image courtesy Lectura Specs

7. Terex MT6300:

Introduced in 2008, the Terex MT6300AC was once the flagship model of Terex’s mining dump truck lineup. Following the sale of Terex’s mining division in 2011 to Bucyrus, and then subsequently to Caterpillar, this model was rebranded as the Terex/Bucyrus MT6300AC, then Unit Rig MT6300 respectively. The truck is equipped with a 3750 hp engine and offers a heaped body capacity of 230 cubic meters. It boasts a nominal gross vehicle weight of 603 tonnes and can achieve a maximum travel speed of 64 km/h.

Terex/Bucyrus MT6300AC CAT unit rig dump truck - image courtesy Cherry Turbos
Terex/Bucyrus MT6300AC CAT unit rig dump truck - image courtesy Cherry Turbos

8. Liebherr T284:

The Liebherr T 284, introduced in 2012, is part of the 363-tonne class and serves as the successor to the popular T 282 C. It stands out with its class-leading MTU 20V4000 C22 engine, which delivers an impressive 4023 HP, making it the most powerful in its category. The truck’s nominal gross vehicle weight reaches 600 tonnes, and it can travel at speeds up to 64 km/h. Unlike standard models, the T 284 doesn’t have a fixed body capacity; instead, each body is customized to meet specific mining requirements. Efficiently compatible with the Liebherr R 9800—the largest hydraulic excavator from Liebherr—the T 284 can be fully loaded in just five passes. This model has been notably effective in mining operations throughout Central and South America.

Liebherr T284 is the largest German-made dump truck - image courtesy liebherr.com
Liebherr T284 is the largest German-made dump truck - image courtesy liebherr.com

9. CAT 795:

Launched in 2009, the Caterpillar 795F AC stands out as the industry’s first single-sourced electric drive truck. This model offers a nominal payload of 338 tonnes and a heaped body capacity of 252 cubic meters. Powered by a 16-cylinder engine, it generates a gross power of 3400 HP and reaches speeds up to 64 km/h. Notably, Caterpillar has chosen not to make the 795F AC compliant with Tier 4 Final emissions standards, opting instead for Tier 2 readiness. As a result, its use is primarily in regions like Africa and South America, where the stricter emissions standards are not a requirement.

CAT 795F AC mining hauler truck - image courtesy H-CPC CAT
CAT 795F AC mining hauler truck - image courtesy H-CPC CAT

10. Komatsu 960:

Ending our top-ten list with a bang, all the way from Japan- with the Komatsu 960E-1 and 960E-1K rigid dump trucks, both boasting a substantial payload capacity of 360 tonnes. The 960E-1, launched in 2008, initiated the 960E series, which later expanded with the introduction of the 960E-1K. Each truck has a gross weight of 635 tonnes, with a loading height of 7.14 meters and a width of 9.19 meters. The overall lengths of the Komatsu 960E-1 and 960E-1K are 15.6 meters and 15.34 meters, respectively. Both models are equipped with a powerful four-cycle, 18 V-type cylinder diesel engine delivering 3,500 HP. The 960E-1 features a GE dual IGBT AC electric drive system, while the 960E-1K is equipped with Komatsu’s own IGBT AC electric drive system. Both trucks achieve a top speed of 64 km/h, designed to meet the demands of heavy-duty mining operations.

The Komatsu 960E is the 10th largest dump truck in the world - image courtesy komatsu.co.za
The Komatsu 960E is the 10th largest dump truck in the world - image courtesy komatsu.co.za

Honorable Mentions: Robust Contenders from Our Fleet

While the giants of the mining world boast extraordinary capacities, our own fleet holds notable contenders that offer robust performance and reliability. Located in Jebel Ali Freezone (JAFZA) at the Jebel Ali port in Dubai, our selection of used rigid dump trucks for sale includes well-maintained, low-hour models from Caterpillar, Komatsu, and Hitachi. Our yard, located at Dubai’s largest re-export hub, allows our customers a seamless buying journey, with complete support on shipping, exportation, and delivery from our staff. Here’s some of our most popular models of large dump trucks:

- CAT 777E

The CAT 777E features a payload capacity of 98 tons and a total weight of 163 metric tons. Powered by a 1004 hp Cat C32 ACERT diesel engine, it delivers a maximum torque of 4757 Nm, allowing it to reach speeds up to 65 km/h.

The 98-ton CAT 777E rigid dump truck
The 98-ton CAT 777E rigid dump truck

- Komatsu HD785

The Komatsu HD785 stands out with a 91-ton payload and a total weight of 163 tons. It boasts a body capacity of up to 60 m³ and is powered by a Komatsu SAA12V140E-3 engine, delivering 1200 hp and 5080 Nm of torque. This truck ensures efficient material transport at a top speed of 65 km/h.

The 91-ton Komatsu HD785 rigid dump truck
The 91-ton Komatsu HD785 rigid dump truck

- Hitachi EH1100

The Hitachi EH1100-3, with a payload capacity of 59 tons and a total weight of 110 tons, operates with a rated power of 760 hp from its MTU Detroit diesel 12 V series 2000 engine. Its body can hold up to 38 m³ of materials, and it can travel up to 58 km/h, thanks to its 3091 Nm torque power.

The 59-ton Hitachi EH1100-3 rigid dump truck
The 59-ton Hitachi EH1100-3 rigid dump truck

- CAT 773E

With a 55-ton payload capacity and a total weight of 99 tons, the CAT 773E is driven by a 710 hp Cat® 3412E diesel engine. This engine produces a torque of 3434 Nm and enables a maximum speed of 62 km/h, making it a reliable choice for lighter, yet critical, hauling operations.

The 55-ton CAT 773E rigid dump truck
The 55-ton CAT 773E rigid dump truck

If you’re looking for reliable, heavy-duty earthmoving equipment and rigid dump trucks, you can find well-maintained, low-hour trucks in our yards, ready to work. Our immediate access to Jebel Ali Port in Dubai allows our customers to seamlessly ship equipment internationally. Get in touch with our sales team for further assistance by visiting our contact us page.

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